The Challenges of Developing a Validation Protocol for the New Curriculum of Making 4.0: Between Malaysian and European Education Systems


This paper discusses the challenges on developing a new program that could be recognised between Malaysian and European countries. It iscrucial as it involves readiness for future production toward the Industry4.0 policies and how it may create innovation in education systems. The essential goal of Industry 4.0 is to make manufacturing and related industries, such as design, faster, more efficient, and more customer-centric. At the same time, Industry 4.0 aims to go beyond automation and optimisation, and detect new business opportunities and models. At this point, frontier technologies identified by select organisations to re-present the characteristic of Industry 4.0. However, there is no universally agreed definition of frontier technology. The following technologies have been most commonly identified as frontier: 3D printing, the Internet of Things, AI, and robotics. The reviews of COPPA between European-Malaysian with the reason to develop a master’s degree for engineers of furniture smart factories that will modernise Higher Education degrees. This will be achieved by focusing on the ICTs skill needed to increase the competitiveness of the wood and furniture industry of Malaysia. Comparative studies of the existing frame of references have been selected as the methodology. The results indicate that a framework of qualifications must be fit for purpose. As we can see, what exactly “fit of purpose” entails, depends to some extent on the setting. To put it simply, whether or not a framework is “fit for purpose” depends on its purpose

International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, Vol. 14, No. 5